Posts for tag: periodontal disease
Inside a healthy mouth, your teeth are kept in place by gums, bone as well as ligaments. When plaque—a sticky layer comprised of bacteria—builds up about the teeth, it can inflame the gums, triggering them to pull away from the teeth and create pockets. These pockets enable the collection of even more harmful bacteria, and infection. This is what is called gingivitis.
Your hygienist or dentist can detect this by means of evaluating the extent of the pockets around each and every tooth. In a healthy mouth, periodontal pockets typically don't go beyond 1-3mm in deepness, while infected gum pockets are usually bigger, and tend to bleed.
Left untreated, gingivitis will inevitably turn into advanced periodontitis. The tartar and plaque building up on the gum line starts to break down the soft tissues which reinforce the teeth, and, as the condition progresses, the bone that reinforces the teeth will likely be effected also. This can result in loose teeth that may need to be extracted.
Periodontitis is treatable, fortunately, and in the early stages, can be dealt with by means of professional cleanings as well as improved home care. For those individuals with advanced gum disease, periodontists including Dr. Sazima at our Westlake, OH practice may suggest root planing and scaling. This is a deep cleaning where the root of the tooth is cleared of tartar and plaque all the way down to the lowest part the gum pocket, encouraging the gums to reattach to the tooth.
If you could be experiencing gum disease, call us at Scott Sazima, DDS to set up a consultation: (440) 835-4600
Normally, just the enamel of the tooth is exposed, but amid gum tissue recession, the tissue encompassing the tooth is eroded, exposing the dentin that makes up the root of the tooth. This induces sensitiveness, which in turn is one of the earliest signs of gum tissue recession. Other indicators that you might have gum tissue recession is the semblance of your teeth being longer than in the past, or an indenture over the tooth where the enamel stops and the exposed dentin starts.
The foremost cause of periodontal recession is periodontal disease: a microbial infection in the gum tissues that breaks down the tissue and bone which hold your teeth in position.
An additional possible cause is incorrect brushing and flossing. Brushing too hard will wear away enamel and healthy gum tissue. Infrequent brushing and flossing can easily result in a tartar increase in between teeth that adds to gum disease.
Various other causations include tobacco use, hormonal changes (such as those during pregnancy) as well as genetic factors. In addition, particular physical activity can result in regressing gums. This includes damage caused by lip and tongue piercings, teeth grinding or clenching, and improperly aligned bite.
Gum tissue recession can be treated. Light recession can be cared for by using "deep cleaning" or scaling to get rid of the hard tartar accumulation and enable the gums to recover and reattach. More advanced circumstances might necessitate a periodontist, like Dr. Sazima, who focuses on ailments and medical treatment of gum tissue, and who can recommend the most ideal course of therapy for you.
As always, the most effective means to prevent gum tissue recession is with proper dental home care. Be sure to floss your teeth each day and use a soft-bristled tooth brush. See your dentist's office for regular professional cleanings, which helps your dentist keep track of the health and condition of your gums. Your dentist can furthermore offer cigarette smokers with guidance in quitting.
Should you need gum treatment in the Westlake, OH region, contact us to schedule a consultation with Dr. Sazima.
Recent information in the media have pointed out the correlations between heart disease and periodontitis. While more studies are needed to show how they may be linked, the likely connection is yet another reason why good oral hygiene is important.
In this article from the Cleveland Clinic, Dr. Benico Barzilai talks about how the bacteria in the mouths of patients with periodontal disease can enter the blood stream an increase their risk of heart disease or stroke. Patients suffering from periodontal disease should inform their cardiologist and general health provider of their condition.
Of course, simply brushing and flossing regularly isn't enough to prevent heart attacks, but they are an important part of maintaining your overall health. Preventing and treating periodontal disease should be a priority for everyone.
If you believe you may have the symptoms of gum disease, be sure to have it looked at right away. For our Westlake, OH patients, you can make an appointment with Dr. Sazima's office by clicking here, or by calling us at 440-835-4600.